Shiraz is the capital of Fars (Pars) province the historical city dated back
to 700 years before Christ.
or Parsi(Farsi) which is the language of Ancient Pars, has become the official
language of Iran.
Various people have lived in the Pars province such who worked together to
form the Iranian culture.
The first Capital of Pars, some 2500 years ago, was Pasargad. It was also the
capital of Achaemenid King Cyrus the Great. The ceremonial capital of his
successor, Darius I (or Darius the Great). His son Xerxes called his capital
Pasargad located about 77 km from Persepolis was built by Cyrus the Great.
Among the interesting sites at Pasargadae is a stone platform 80 m. long and
18 m. wide. It is believed to have been the foundation of a palace.
The most important monument in Pasargadae is undoubtedly the tomb of Cyrus
the Great. It has seven broad steps leading to the sepulcher, which
measures 534m. in length by 531m in width and has a low and narrow
When Alexander the Great looted and destroyed Persepolis, he paid a visit to
the tomb of Cyrus. It is recorded that he commanded Aristobulus, one of his
warriors, to enter the monument. Inside he found a golden bed, a table set
with drinking vessels, a gold plated coffin, some ornaments studded with
precious stones and an inscription of the tomb, which reads: "Passer-by, I am
Cyrus the Great, I have given the Persians an empire and I have ruled over
Asia. So do not envy me for this tomb."