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ASSYRIANS

One of the great Mesopotamian civilizations is Assyria which was centered on the Tigris River north of Babylon. At first its capital was Ashur, later Nineveh. The Assyrians had less fertile land than the Sumerians and Babylonians. Consequently they were obliged to expand their territory as their population increased. But whenever they tried to enlarge their border, they were repulsed by powerful neighbors, such as the Hittites and Babylonians.

Assyrian language was at first a dialect of Akkadian. It was replaced by Aramaic, which was written on parchment and used to supplement the cuneiform script still used on clay and stone.

Assyrian, Sumerian and Iranian religious festivals were closely allied. Most Assyrians Myths, too paralleled those of Babylon. Ashur, the city-god of the capital Ashur, became the national god of the Assyrian/Persian empire, probably to promote loyalty from conquered people. Ancient Iranian priests identified themselves with earlier Mesopotamian gods such as Enlil. When Ashur became Assyrian's capital a great period of ziggurat and temple building began.

THE PERSIANS

Most civilizations come to maturity after a long period of cultural and military development, but Iran entered world history with dramatic madder about 547 BC. In that year Cyrus, king of the small Iranian state of Anshan, reached the climax of his career. After 13 years of war he united the several Iranian (Aryan) kingdoms of Media and Persia under his leadership. His domain extended from Asia Minor and the black Sea to the Gulf of Uman.

the Akkaemenid dynasty that Cyrus founded was to last only two centuries, but it came to rule the largest empire in the world. The old territories of Sumerians,  Egyptians, Indus Valley people, Babylonians, Hittietes, Phoenicians and Assyrians, were all absorbed into the Persian empire by about 400 BC. Parts of Ethiopia, the Balkans and central Asia also came under Iranian Rule. At its height, the Iranian empire was as big as present-day Europe without Russia.


Iranians generally built upon the achievements of their predecessors andimproved them. They, brought peace stability and prosperity to the regions under their rule.

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7 Faces of History | 7000 Years Civilization| 5000 Years of Engineering| Ahmad Kasravi| Ancient Women Salary, Employees | Ancient Women | Arab Conquest | Assyrians Persians | Bishapour| Chogha Zanbil - Elamid Era| Clay notes - Darius Administration | Coins | Constitution | Cyrus the Great | Departure 79| Dynasties (2 Pages) | Engineering of an Empire | Fine Art (3 Pages)| Flag History (1) | Flag History (2)| Flag History (3)| Fossil Fuel| Fossil Fuel-Concession| Glory 1,| Glory 2,| Glory 3 Ancient Iran| Glory 4, Journey to Iran | Glory 5, Iran, Nothing but Iran | Glory of Iran as per Artist| Glory of Iran by Picture| Glory of Persepolis| Hamedan | Herodotus & Iran | History of Iran | Iran heritage| Iran's Heritage (Saad Abad)| Iran, History, Land and People | Iran Farda (3 Pages) | Iranian Government | Iran Media | Iran or Persia| Iran's views| Iran Rulers | Isfahan| Isfahan Page 2| Kashan| Kavir Lout = Gandom Beryan| Khouzestan| Lakes' of Iran| Lost Civilization | Music Glory | Naghsh-e-Rostam | New Year (Now-Rooz) | New Year's Haft Seen | PERSIAN Gulf | Poet and Patriots| Old pictures of Iran 1| Old pictures of Iran 2| Old pictures 3 Kajar Era | Persepolis | Underground of Persepolis | Rebirth| Religion of Persians | Reporters 1 | Reporters 2 | Reza Shah the Great| Sayeh Jam | Shiraz| Slide Show | Spy 1 | Spy 2 | Spy 3 | Tabriz (1)| Tabriz 2| Tabriz 3| Tabriz 4| Tehran| Tehran old and new | The Land And The People | Tisfoon | Under Ground City of Zoroastrians'(!) Derinkuyu = Deep Well | Women Clothing in time | Women Clothing in time II | Xeroxes Note | Yalda | Search Engine | Directory of Related Links | Contact Us |

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