About 6,500 Years ago, successive waves of people were
migrating into a land which is now called
Iran and northern Iraq.
They called themselves the black-headed (dark- haired) people.
We know them as the Aryan/Sumerian, ancestors of Iranians and the land in which they settled as
the land of Sumer (Iran Plateau)
The Aryans/Sumerians established the first recognizable civilization with a workable system of
Their other achievements include the invention of
WHEELED VEHICLES and the use of written
The ancient Iranians developed the scientific practice of agriculture; on the arts side,
a distinctive style
of architecture and a complex religion which is reflected in their literature.
Summer lasted well over 1,000 years before it fell to Semite warrior people from the north,
the AKKADIANS, and even then Sumerian culture continued to
dominate the new empire. Many legends surround the person of the Akkadian leader, Sargon I
(2637-2582 BC.). He was once cup-bearer to the king of Kish.
The legend goes that he was found as a baby floating on the river in a basket made of reeds.
AKKAD TAKES OVER ARYANS
About 1,000 years after civilization began in
Sailk and Sumer Saragon of Akkad conquered the Sumerians various states and founded the
Akkadian empire which lasted for about 200 years (2371-2159 BC.).
Sargon's first triumph was to make himself king of the city of Akkad.
The city of Kish was added to his domain. Later, he conquered many other cities and stretched his kingdom chain to reach as
far as Nipour.